There are three main factors in the formation of tooth decay: a sensitive tooth surface, food waste suitable for microorganisms, the presence of microorganisms that will cause their breakdown and acid formation. The most common cause of tooth decay in foods is carbohydrates.
If the teeth are regularly brushed and care is taken, the microspheres can not damage them. Tooth decay is a disease that breaks the tooth structure by making dental cavities and does not heal itself.
Why do teeth decay? If the teeth are not cleaned well, nutrients and microbes accumulate on them. Bacteria in the mouth use sugary substances in food waste to make it a transparent, sticky substance and stick to teeth.
If the teeth are not cleaned well, nutrient residues and microspots accumulate. Bacteria in the mouth use sugary substances in food waste to make it a transparent, sticky substance and stick to teeth. These residues are called plaques. These plaques also make it easier for bacteria to hold onto the tooth. The acid contained in the sweeteners used for the sweetening of foods can harm the teeth, but the bacteria themselves can also create acids. The acid causes the tooth mines to melt. Thus, microbes entering through the melting zones can easily reach the soft tissue in deep.
Why do teeth decay? Acids form small holes in the gingiva, the protective layer of the tooth. These holes become increasingly wide and small cavities. After dissolution of gingiva the decay advances quickly. As the tooth decay moves towards the tooth root, the teeth starts to pain. If the decay goes further, pus starts to build up and accumulate in the tooth core area and within the jawbone. It’s called tooth abscess. If the dentist does not treat it at the begining, more difficult, complicated and expensive treatments may be required for the decayed tooth. Dental plaque is one of the major causes of gum disease. Brushing teeth and removing food waste using dental floss after meals prevents the formation and progress of gum disease. It does not mean that the no pain in the teeth is healthy. In order to determine the tooth decay at the treatable period, the teeth must be examined at least twice a year by dentist, without waiting for the pain to occur. Dentists can also determine the invisible tooth cavities by x-rays of the teeth when it is necessary.
Early recognition of tooth decay can prevent or delay tooth loss. This provides important contributions both from the point of view of health and social and economic aspects.